Rules

Version 9 of the Handbook was published on 1 April 2014. For more information, please click "History" above.

Part 1: Rules

Rule 1: Purpose

1.1

The Law Society is a designated professional body under Part XX of FSMA, and firms may therefore carry on certain regulated activities without being regulated by the FCA, if they can meet the conditions specified in section 327 of FSMA. As a designated professional body the Law Society is required to make rules governing the carrying on by firms of regulated activities. The purpose of these rules is to set out the scope of the regulated activities which may be undertaken by firms which are not regulated by the FCA.

1.2

These rules:

(a)

prohibit firms which are not regulated by the FCA from carrying on certain regulated activities;

(b)

set out the basic conditions which those firms must satisfy when carrying on any regulated activities;

(c)

set out other restrictions on regulated activities carried on by those firms.

Note

(i)

FSMA makes the FCA and the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) the statutory regulators of financial services business. Under FSMA anyone carrying on regulated activities needs to be regulated by the FCA. Part XX of FSMA enables firms authorised and regulated by the SRA to be treated as exempt professional firms and to carry on activities known as exempt regulated activities provided that these firms are able to comply with the SRA Financial Services (Scope) Rules 2001 as these Rules set out the scope of the activities which may be undertaken.

Rule 2: Application

2.1

These rules apply only to firms which are not regulated by the FCA.

2.2

Where a firm is a licensed body, these rules apply only in respect of:

(a)

any reserved legal activity;

(b)

any other legal activity;

(c)

any other activity in respect of which the licensed body is regulated pursuant to Part 5 of the LSA.

Note

(i)

Any firm which undertakes regulated activities and cannot comply with the Part XX exemption must be authorised by the FCA and comply with the FCA's requirements.

Rule 3: Prohibited activities

3.1

A firm must not carry on, or agree to carry on, any of the following activities:

(a)

market making in investments;

(b)

buying, selling, subscribing for or underwriting investments as principal where the firm:

(i)

holds itself out as engaging in the business of buying such investments with a view to selling them;

(ii)

holds itself out as engaging in the business of underwriting investments of the kind to which the transaction relates; or

(iii)

regularly solicits members of the public with the purpose of inducing them, as principals or agents, to enter into transactions and the transaction is entered into as a result of the firm having solicited members of the public in that manner.

(c)

buying or selling investments with a view to stabilising or maintaining the market price of the investments;

(d)

acting as a stakeholder pension scheme manager;

(e)

entering into a broker funds arrangement;

(f)

effecting and carrying out contracts of insurance as principal;

(g)

establishing, operating or winding up a collective investment scheme;

(h)

establishing, operating or winding up a stakeholder pension scheme or a personal pension scheme;

(i)

managing the underwriting capacity of a Lloyds syndicate as a managing agent at Lloyds;

(j)

advising a person to become a member of a particular Lloyd's syndicate;

(k)

entering as provider into a funeral plan contract;

(l)

entering into a regulated mortgage contract as lender or administering a regulated mortgage contract (unless this is in the firm's capacity as a trustee or personal representative and the borrower is a beneficiary under the trust, will or intestacy);

(m)

entering into a regulated home purchase plan as provider or administering a regulated home purchase plan (unless this is in the firm's capacity as a trustee or personal representative and the home purchaser is a beneficiary under the trust, will or intestacy);

(n)

entering into a regulated home reversion plan as a provider or administering a regulated home reversion plan (unless this is in the firm's capacity as a trustee or personal representative and the reversion seller is a beneficiary under the trust, will or intestacy); or

(o)

entering into a regulated sale and rent back agreement as an agreement provider or administering a regulated sale and rent back agreement (unless this is in the firm's capacity as a trustee or personal representative and the agreement seller is a beneficiary under the trust, will or intestacy).

Note

(i)

The Treasury has made the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Professions) (Non-Exempt Activities) Order 2001 which sets out those activities which cannot be provided by professional firms under the Part XX exemption. These activities are also restricted in Rules 3 and 5 of the SRA Financial Services (Scope) Rules 2001.

Rule 4: Basic conditions

4.1

A firm which carries on any regulated activities must ensure that:

(a)

the activities arise out of, or are complementary to, the provision of a particular professional service to a particular client;

(b)

the manner of the provision by the firm of any service in the course of carrying on the activities is incidental to the provision by the firm of professional services;

(c)

the firm accounts to the client for any pecuniary reward or other advantage which the firm receives from a third party;

(d)

the activities are not of a description, nor do they relate to an investment of a description, specified in any order made by the Treasury under section 327(6) of FSMA;

(e)

the firm does not carry on, or hold itself out as carrying on, a regulated activity other than one which is allowed by these rules or one in relation to which the firm is an exempt person;

(f)

there is not in force any order or direction of the FCA under sections 328 or 329 of FSMA which prevents the firm from carrying on the activities; and

(g)

the activities are not otherwise prohibited by these rules.

Notes

(i)

In order to comply with rule 4(a) you must ensure that the regulated activity in question arises out of, or is complementary to, other professional services to a particular client. The effect of this is that it is not possible to undertake a regulated activity in isolation for a client.

(ii)

In order to comply with rule 4(b) the exempt regulated activities cannot be a major part of the practice of the firm. The FCA considers that the following factors are relevant to this: the scale of regulated activity in proportion to other professional services provided; whether and to what extent activities that are regulated activities are held out as separate services; and the impression given of how the firm provides regulated activities, for example through its advertising or other promotion of its services.

(iii)

In order to comply with rule 4(c) you must account for any commission or other financial benefit to the client. Accounting to the client does not mean simply telling the client that the firm will receive commission. It means that the commission etc must be held to the order of the client and the client gives you informed consent to keep it. To comply with the rule you should, in advance of the arrangement and/or provision of the third party financial service:

(a)

inform the client of their rights to any commission etc;

(b)

inform the client that the arrangement and/or provision of the service is not dependant on their agreement to waive their right to any commission etc;

(c)

seek and record agreement from the client as to whether any commission etc should be passed to the client, retained by the firm to offset client fees, or retained by the firm with the client waiving their right to it.

Rule 5: Other restrictions

5.1

Retail investment products (except personal pension schemes)

(a)

A firm must not recommend, or make arrangements for, a client to buy a retail investment product except where:

(i)

recommending, or arranging for, a client to buy a retail investment product by means of an assignment;

(ii)

the arrangements are made as a result of a firm managing assets within the exception to rule 5(4) below; or

(iii)

arranging a transaction for a client where the firm assumes on reasonable grounds that the client is not relying on the firm as to the merits or suitability of that transaction.

5.2

Personal pension schemes

(a)

A firm must not recommend a client to buy or dispose of any rights or interests in a personal pension scheme.

(b)

A firm must not make arrangements for a client to buy any rights or interests in a personal pension scheme except where the firm assumes on reasonable grounds that the client is not relying on the firm as to the merits or suitability of that transaction but this exception does not apply where the transaction involves:

(i)

a pension transfer; or

(ii)

an opt-out.

5.3

Securities and contractually based investments (except retail investment products)

(a)

A firm must not recommend a client to buy or subscribe for a security or a contractually based investment where the transaction would be made:

(i)

with a person acting in the course of carrying on the business of buying, selling, subscribing for or underwriting the investment, whether as principal or agent;

(ii)

on an investment exchange or any other market to which that investment is admitted for dealing; or

(iii)

in response to an invitation to subscribe for an investment which is, or is to be, admitted for dealing on an investment exchange or any other market.

(b)

this rule does not apply where the client is:

(i)

not an individual;

(ii)

an individual who acts in connection with the carrying on of a business of any kind by himself or by an undertaking of which the client is, or would become as a result of the transaction to which the recommendation relates, a controller; or

(iii)

acting in his capacity as a trustee of an occupational pension scheme.

5.4

Discretionary management

(a)

A firm must not manage assets belonging to another person in circumstances which involve the exercise of discretion except where the firm or a manager or employee of the firm is a trustee, personal representative, donee of a power of attorney or receiver appointed by the Court of Protection, and either:

(i)

all routine or day to day decisions, so far as relating to that activity, are taken by an authorised person with permission to carry on that activity or an exempt person; or

(ii)

any decision to enter into a transaction, which involves buying or subscribing for an investment, is undertaken in accordance with the advice of an authorised person with permission to give advice in relation to such an activity or an exempt person.

5.5

Corporate finance

(a)

A firm must not act as any of the following:

(i)

sponsor to an issue in respect of securities to be admitted for dealing on the London Stock Exchange; or

(ii)

nominated adviser to an issue in respect of securities to be admitted for dealing on the Alternative Investment Market of the London Stock Exchange; or

(iii)

corporate adviser to an issue in respect of securities to be admitted for dealing on the PLUS Market.

5.6

Insurance mediation activities

(a)

Unless a firm is registered in the Financial Services Register it must not carry on any insurance mediation activities;

(b)

Any firm undertaking insurance mediation activities must appoint an insurance mediation officer whose details will be made known to the FCA and who will be responsible for the firm's insurance mediation activities.

5.7

Regulated mortgage contracts

(a)

A firm must not recommend a client to enter as borrower into a regulated mortgage contract but can endorse a recommendation given by an authorised person with permission to advise on regulated mortgage contracts or an exempt person in relation to the giving of such advice.

5.8

Regulated home purchase plans

(a)

A firm must not recommend a client to enter as home purchaser into a regulated home purchase plan with a particular person but can endorse a recommendation given by an authorised person with permission to advise on regulated home purchase plans or an exempt person in relation to the giving of such advice.

5.9

Regulated home reversion plans

(a)

A firm must not recommend a client to enter as reversion seller or plan provider into a regulated home reversion plan with a particular person but can endorse a recommendation given by an authorised person with permission to advise on regulated home reversion plans or an exempt person in relation to the giving of such advice.

5.10

Regulated sale and rent back agreements

(a)

A firm must not recommend a client to enter as agreement seller or agreement provider into a regulated sale and rent back agreement with a particular person but can endorse a recommendation given by an authorised person with permission to advise on regulated sale and rent back agreements or an exempt person in relation to the giving of such advice.

5.11

Credit-related regulated activities

(a)

Where a firm carries on a credit-related regulated activity or a connected activity it must comply with the provisions and guidance set out in Rule 1.3R of the transitional provisions in the FCA's CONC as they were in force immediately before 1 April 2014 in relation to that activity, with any appropriate modification to take into account the coming into force of HM Treasury Orders that give effect to the transfer of consumer credit regulation from the OFT to the FCA.

Note

(i)

A firm which relies on the Part XX exemption cannot carry on insurance mediation activities unless they are on the FCA's Exempt Professional Firms (EPF) Register and appoint an insurance mediation officer. Firms wishing to be on this Register should notify the SRA (contactcentre@sra.org.uk and 0870 606 2555) and provide details of their insurance mediation officer. The EPF Register can be accessed on the FCA website - see www.fca.org.uk.

(ii)

During the transitional period between 1 April 2014 and 30 September 2014, firms carrying on credit-related regulated activities will be required to comply with the guidance and other provisions listed in the transitional provisions in the FCA's CONC. These provisions should not impose any new obligations as firms should already be complying with them but firms will need to adopt a common sense approach in interpreting them, for example, references to the OFT in these provisions and guidance should be read as if they referred to the FCA and references to the relevant supervisory authority mean the SRA.

Rule 6: Effect of a breach of these rules

6.1

The SRA may exercise its statutory powers in respect of any firm which breaches these rules.

6.2

In determining whether or not there has been a breach of these rules the SRA will take account of whether the firm has given due regard to the guidance issued by the Law Society or the SRA on how to determine whether regulated activities are carried on in accordance with these rules.

6.3

A firm which breaches these rules may:

(a)

Be committing a criminal offence under section 23 of FSMA; and

(b)

Be made subject to an order by the FCA under section 329 of FSMA which could prevent the firm from carrying on any regulated activities.